What is Ham Radio?
Ham Radio is a popular name for Amateur Radio. At the same time, it’s both a service and a hobby. It is said that the radio operation of Ham is a hobby king. There are a lot of ham radio enthusiasts in India. Here we are discussing ham radio, ham radio license in India, and its benefits.
It is an activity of self-learning, inter-communication and technical investigation carried out for a personal reason, without any pecuniary interest between persons duly allowed to do so.
Such designated persons shall be referred to as Amateur Radio Operators or Ham Radio Operators.
Amateur radio operators use radio stations in two ways and communicate with similarly licensed stations using different methods of communication such as voice, morse code, and even more sophisticated forms of communication using computers, the internet, etc.
The things amateur radio operators do with their radios vary according to the knowledge that each of them has.
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Advanced techniques for amateur radio communication include Automated Position Reporting Systems using GPS information, Internet connectivity of Repeater Stations, Web interface for email exchanges, images, etc., as well as visual communication modes.
There are more than 30 lakh people all over the world who are doing this operation in their spare time, and there are around 15,000 amateur radio operators in India.
The importance of Ham Radio in this age of the Internet?
Some of us wonder how important Ham Radio is in the modern era of communication technology. Yet we should bear in mind that all modern forms of communication are based on third parties.
This means that there is a third party, such as the respective service provider, which can include a third party other than the sender and the receiver. In addition, we do not have any kind of control over this service provider.
If there is a malfunction in the communication network, it can only be fixed by the service provider. In the case of cell phones, landlines, and Internet connections, you might have encountered this challenge.
Most of us witness the lack of efficiency of conventional communication methods on a daily basis.
A wireless communication network via Amateur Radio is one of the most effective and alternative means of communication and can play an important role in providing reliable communications when other normal communications fail.
There is no such mediator between the transmitter and the receiver station. Thus, Ham radio communication is free from any kind of third party system failure.
More surprisingly, the majority of Ham radio operators are extremely versatile in radio technology. It is therefore not a daunting job to overcome unusual device bugs that can occur in their transmitting or receiving system.
The qualified amateur radio operator ‘s skills can be used in times of public service needs and emergencies.
Hams has provided very efficient amateur radio communication and humanitarian assistance under serious circumstances on several occasions, especially during natural/man-made calamities in the country.
Things that you can do with Amateur Radio
Amateur radio operators use their radio stations in their spare time, perform two-way communication and exchange cultural, personal, technical information with other amateurs not only in India but worldwide.
Their mode of operation may be via Voice, Morse Code, Digital Mode. Some hams use satellites as well.
The following operations can be conducted by a ham radio operator.
- Hams can talk to any other ham in the world by using an HF radio as it has a wide range of accessibility.
- Local contact is possible with other hams in your locality using VHF / UHF transceivers.
- Ham Radio is an ancient social media network that helps you to make a lot of friends around the world, and not all of these friends are fake, unlike modern social media networks.
- It is a very difficult and fascinating job to render communication using home-made low-power transceivers (which are commonly known as QRPs).
- Through using Modern Amateur Radio Technology, a ham radio operator can share video, text, emails, and even make it easier to connect to the Internet.
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Things that are not allowed in Ham radio communication
- Any business-related or commercial discussion
- Broadcast music or news
- Sending or receiving a message in the name of non-hams.
- Causing some form of interference with the ham band.
- Using any form of offensive language
In addition, advanced Ham will experience the following items as well.
- Amateur Television-It ‘s just like regular television because it broadcasts standard video and audio through the frequency of the ham.
- Slow Scan TV (SSTV)– Transmit and receive static images (color or monochrome) around the world via a ham band at little to no expense.
- Contests & Awards-You will take part in various contests held by different ham radio clubs or associations.
- Homebrewing-The ham can make its transmitters, receivers, antennas, etc. and enjoy a hobby.
- Emergency and other volunteers services-When traditional communications fail, hams are ready to use their radios to provide emergency communication services to their communities.
- Fox Hunt – It’s a game of discovering secret transmitters that are normally run by several Ham radio clubs and associations.
- Satellite Communications-As mentioned above, hams are used by their satellites for worldwide communication by handheld or Base Stations.
Procedure for obtaining a Ham Radio License in India
In India, anybody over the age of 12 can become an Amateur Radio Operator. He/she can apply for a ham radio license in India.
The application should be submitted in the format prescribed and should be accompanied by the necessary documents. You can submit your application to the nearest Wireless Monitoring station.
This license is given on the basis of an assessment (ASOC examination) performed by the Ministry of Communications & IT, Government of India.
Those wishing to become an Amateur Radio Operator must apply for and receive a license to operate/own a Radio Station.
- As explained above, any individual over the age of 12 may become a ham in India after being qualified for the Amateur Station Operators Certificate Examination.
- The Officer-In-Charge, Wireless Monitoring Station, Telecommunications Division, Ministry of Communications, Government of India is the authority to carry out the examination even in the applicant’s town, provided that there is a sufficient number of applicants.
There are 2 grades of licenses:
1. Restricted Grade – Allowed use of the Medium Power Transmitter. (1-hour exam)
2. General Grade – Allowing use of the Higher Power Transmitter. (2-hour exam)
- The syllabus for this examination is based on the fundamental concepts of electronics and communication.
- If this objective form examination is passed, a restricted grade license will be given.
- But for General Grade, in addition to the written test, one must qualify for the Morse Code at 8 words per minute.
- Anyone interested in electronics will be able to pass these tests after a few weeks of training.
- There are a number of study materials and morse code practice tests are available on the internet.
- Self-study – After collecting the study materials and learning the fundamentals, you will easily win the exams.
- Local clubs – A lot of local Amateur Radio Clubs are organizing a study class and conducting a test at their premises. It’s better to find a ham radio club in your area.
ASOC Examination and License Fees:
The exam fee is Rs. 100 per grade.
The license fee for 20 years is Rs.1000/- and Rs.2000/- for a lifetime.
Ham Radio is synonymous with amateur radio. Intercommunication between people using radio transmitters who are authorized to do so. They can share their ideas, scientific experiments, etc. without any commercial concerns with anyone in the world with a ham license.
In India, of course, ham radio is legal. Anyone with a minimum age of 12 years can apply for a simple examination by the Government of India. If found to be successful in this assessment, they will be granted permission to build and operate their ham radio station.
Amateur radio is commonly called Ham radio because “HAM” was the name of the first Amateur wireless radio station. Some Harward Radio club amateurs, namely HYMAN, ALMY, and MURRAY, set up this first amateur radio station in 1908, making Amateur Radio famous in the first alphabet of their names.
If you are an Indian citizen with a minimum of 12 years of age, please apply to your nearest wireless monitoring station with the correct review documents.
You will then be invited to a clear assessment test and to apply again for a license with the required documents and the necessary fees.
We hope you interested in this article about ham radio in India and please share the same with your relatives and friends.
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